This is a surgical tissue graft replacement of the anterior cruciate ligament, located in the knee, to restore its function after an injury. This reconstructive procedure uses a graft to replace the ligament.
This surgery is usually done by making small incisions in the knee and inserting instruments for surgery through these incisions, but in some cases and depending on the patient’s condition, it can be done by cutting a large incision in the knee. The surgeon will use a sterile saline (salt) solution which will be pumped into the knee through one incision to expand it and to wash blood from the area. This allows the doctor to see the knee structures more clearly. Then, the surgeon will repair the injured parts of the knee: menisci, other knee ligaments, cartilage, or broken bones, depending on the patient’s needs.
Arthroscopic surgery is often done on an outpatient basis, which means that you do not spend a night in the hospital. The patient will feel tired for several days, the knee will be swollen, and it may feel numbness around the (incision); also the ankle and shin may be bruised or swollen, but most of this symptoms will go away in a few days. The patient needs to care for the incision while it heals, and to keep it clean and dry and watch for signs of infection.
Physical rehabilitation after will be necessary in most cases and it may take several months to a year. The length of time until you can return to normal activities or sports is different for every person.