A vasectomy is a simple surgery that last between 20 and 40 minutes, and it can be done by a doctor in an office, hospital, or clinic. This procedure consists in cutting or blocking the small tubes in the men’s scrotum that carry sperm in order to avoid sperm to leave the body and cause pregnancy.
During a vasectomy, the vas deferens from each testicle are cut or sealed, which will prevent sperm to mixing with the semen that is ejaculated from the penis. Your doctor will make one or two small openings in your scrotum, and through that opening the two ends of the vas deferens are tied, stitched, or sealed.
The vas deferens is then replaced inside the scrotum and the skin is closed with stitches that dissolve and do not have to be removed.
Your scrotum will be numb for 1 to 2 hours after a vasectomy. You may have some swelling and minor pain in your scrotum for several days after the surgery, but you’ll be able to return to work or light activities in 1 or 2 days.
Vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control. The first months after the surgery your semen still contains sperm, so you’ll need to use another birth control method. Once you’re sure your semen is sperm free, you won’t have to worry about anything anymore.